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#Analysis of recent #scientific #information on #avian #influenza A(#H7N9) virus - 10 February 2017 (@WHO, edited)

  Title : #Analysis of recent #scientific #information on #avian #influenza A(#H7N9) virus - 10 February 2017. Subject : Avian Influenza, ...

28 Mar 2017

#USA, #Alabama: No New #Avian #Influenza #H7N9 #Poultry #Outbreaks reported as of March 27 2017 (DoA, edited)

 

Title: USA, Alabama: No New Avian Influenza H7N9 Poultry Outbreaks reported as of March 27 2017.

Subject: Avian Influenza, H7N9 subtype (North American Lineage), poultry epizootics in the US.

Source: US State of Alabama Department of Agriculture, full page: (LINK).

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Avian Influenza in Alabama – Timeline

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|-- Click here for the latest AI Timeline Graphic –|

 

March 27, 2017

  • Sample collection from commercial and backyard flocks continues within the surveillance zone surrounding commercial breeder flock in Cullman County, Ala. confirmed positive for low pathogenic H7N9 avian influenza (LPAI) by NVSL on March 22, 2017.
  • The surveillance zone established surrounding quarantined Chattooga Co., Ga premises includes portions of northeast Alabama.
  • Poultry technicians have collected samples from commercial and backyard flocks on premises within the surveillance zone.
  • At this time, all samples collected have tested negative for avian influenza.

(…)

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Keywords: USA; Updates; H7N9; Avian Influenza; Poultry; Alabama.

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#China, #Anhui province: No New #Human cases of #H7N9 #influenza in the last twenty-five days (Mar. 28 ‘17)

 

Title: China, Anhui province: No New Human cases of H7N9 influenza in the last twenty-five days.

Subject: Avian Influenza, H7N9 subtype (Asia Lineage), poultry enzootic and human cases in China.

Source: Local Media, full page: (LINK). Article in Chinese, edited.

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Anhui consecutive 25 days without new human H7N9 local cases

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2017-03-28 11:11 / Source: Anhui Daily /  Editor: Tang Qian

March 27 - the Anhui Provincial Health Commission informed that from March 20 to March 26, Wuhu City, reported an imported case of H7N9 influenza.

Since March 3, Anhui province has not reported any new locally acquired case for 25 consecutive days.

According to reports, nearly a week, the provinces continue to epidemic monitoring, joint defense control, the implementation of closed poultry market and other sources of control measures and external environmental disinfection, case treatment and other work, to reduce the incidence of new cases to prevent the epidemic rebound.

At present, H7N9 epidemic prevention and control continue to maintain the momentum of containment. Risk assessment showed that H7N9 virus has not yet acquired efficient human to human transmission ability, the early use of neuraminidase inhibitors and other anti-influenza drugs can effectively reduce the incidence of severe cases.

(…)

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Keywords: China; Anhui; H7N9; Avian Influenza; Human.

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#Panama, a #fatal case of #hantavirus #infection sparks alarm (Infomed, March 28 ‘17)

 

Title: #Panama, a #fatal case of #hantavirus #infection sparks alarm.

Subject: Hantavirus, fatal infection in Panama.

Source: Infomed with La Prensa Latina materials, full page: (LINK). Article in Spanish.

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Muerte por hantavirus crea alarma en Panamá

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by Lic. Heidy Ramírez Vázquez 

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Alarma en la sociedad panameña provocó este lunes la confirmación del fallecimiento de un paciente por un hantavirus, en la central provincia de Los Santos, donde anteriormente se reportaron brotes estacionarios de la enfermedad.

La víctima fue un paciente de 27 años de edad, diagnosticado el 15 de marzo pasado y con una evolución acelerada del deterioro de su estado, aunque estaba bajo atención hospitalaria, características de la agresividad de esta dolencia que aparece dos semanas después del contagio.

Este fue el segundo caso del virus en 2017, porque anteriormente un anciano de 75 años de edad contrajo la enfermedad, pero el sistema de salud no informó hasta el momento del estado de ese paciente.

Desde principios del presente siglo se detectaron los primeros infestados del hantavirus en la región de la Península de Azuero, donde se encuentra Los Santos, y como regla se hace presente durante la temporada seca, como sucede actualmente, lo que obligó en el pasado a decretar alertas epidemiológicas.

(…)

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Keywords: Panama; Hantavirus.

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#Germany, #Avian #Influenza #H5N8 / #H5N5–Situation #Update–New #Epizootics reported, March 23-27 '17 (FLI, edited)

 

Title: Germany, Avian Influenza H5N8/H5N5 - Situation Update - New Epizootics reported, March 23-27 '17.

Subject: Avian Influenza, H5N8, H5N5 subtypes, poultry and wild birds epizootics in Germany.

Source: Friedrich-Loeffler Institut, Germany, full page: (LINK). Edited.

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Friedrich-Loeffler Institut - Germany

Avian Influenza H5N8/H5N5 - Situation Update - New Epizootics reported,  March 23-27 '17

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New Epizootics

[Species - Federal State - District - Date reported]

  1. Swans - Schleswig-Holstein - Stormarn - March 27
  2. Buzzard - Hessen - Main-Kinzig-Kreis - March 27
  3. Swans - Bavaria - Freising - March 27
  4. Swans - Sachsen - Mittelsachsen - March 27
  5. Turkey - Niedersachsen - Cloppenburg - March 25
  6. Turkey - Niedersachsen - Cloppenburg - March 25
  7. Turkey - Niedersachsen - Cloppenburg - March 24
  8. Turkey - Niedersachsen - Cloppenburg - March 24
  9. Wild (unspecified) - Schleswig-Holstein - Neumunster, Town - March 24
  10. Swans - Schleswig-Holstein - Herzogtum Lauenburg - March 24
  11. Buzzard - Bavaria - Schwandorf - March 24
  12. Turkey - Niedersachsen - Cloppenburg - March 23


(...)

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[Epizootics Location Map]

epideutz28317
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Active Outbreaks

{    } = 1-2 Outbreaks;

{    } = 3-4 Outbreaks;

{    } = 5-7 Outbreaks;

{    } = 8-21 Outbreaks;


Adiministrative Divisions

{ Bundeslander } = State Borders;

{ Regierungsbezirke } = Region Borders;

{ Kreise } = Districts.

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Keywords: Germany; Updates; H5N8; H5N5; Avian Influenza; Poultry; Wild birds.

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#Avian #Influenza [#H5N1, #H5N6]–Weekly #Update, No. 577 (24 March 2017) (@WHO WPRO)

 

Title: #Avian #Influenza [#H5N1, #H5N6]–Weekly #Update, No. 577 (24 March 2017).

Subject: Avian Influenza, H5N1 & H5N6 subtypes, human cases in the WHO Western Pacific Region, weekly update.

Source: World Health Organization (WHO), Office for the Western Pacific Region, full page: (LINK).

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Avian Influenza - Weekly Update Number 577 (24 March 2017)

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Human infection with avian influenza A(H5N1) virus

  • Between 17 and 23 March 2017, no new cases of human infection with avian influenza A(H5N1) virus were reported to WHO in the Western Pacific Region.
  • From January 2003 to 16 February 2017, a total of 238 cases of human infection with avian influenza A(H5N1) virus were reported from four countries within the Western Pacific Region (Table 1).
  • The last case was reported on 14 January 2016.
  • Of these cases, 134 were fatal, resulting in a case fatality rate (CFR) of 56%.
  • From January 2003 to 16 February 2017, there were 856 cases of human infection with avian influenza A(H5N1) virus reported from 16 countries worldwide.
  • Of these cases, 452 were fatal, resulting in a CFR of 52.8%.

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Human infection with avian influenza A(H5N6) virus

  • Between 17 and 23 March 2017, no new cases of human infection with avian influenza A(H5N6) virus were reported to WHO in the Western Pacific Region.
  • The last case was reported on 1 December 2016 (source: http://www.who.int/csr/don/07-december-2016-ah5n6-china/en/).
  • A total of 16 laboratory-confirmed cases of human infection with influenza A(H5N6) virus, including six deaths, have been reported to WHO from China since 2014.

 

Public health risk assessment for human infection with avian influenza A(H5) viruses

  • Whenever avian influenza viruses are circulating in poultry, sporadic infections and small clusters of human cases are possible in people exposed to infected poultry or contaminated environments, therefore sporadic human cases would not be unexpected.
  • With the rapid spread and magnitude of avian influenza outbreaks due to existing and new influenza A(H5) viruses in poultry in areas that have not experienced this disease in animals recently, there is a need for increased vigilance in the animal and public health sectors.
  • Community awareness of the potential dangers for human health is essential to prevent infection in humans.
  • Surveillance should be enhanced to detect human infections if they occur and to detect early changes in transmissibility and infectivity of the viruses.
  • For more information on confirmed cases of human infection with avian influenza A(H5) virus reported to WHO, visit: http://www.who.int/influenza/human_animal_interface/en/

 

Related links

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Keywords: WHO; Updates; Asian Region; Avian Influenza; H5N1; H5N6; Human.

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#Avian #Influenza [#H5 & #H7] #Report - March 19-25, 17, Wk 12 (#HK CHP, edited)

 

Title: #Avian #Influenza [#H5 & #H7] #Report - March 19-25, 17, Wk 12.

Subject: Avian Influenza, H5 & H7 subtypes, poultry epizootics and human cases in China and elsewhere, weekly update.

Source: Centre for Health Protection, Hong Kong PRC SAR, full PDF file: (LINK).

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{Note for the Readers: Should the internal viewer not work into your environment, please follow this link to the full document: https://1drv.ms/b/s!ArIyah1g_f4uvE-b7-pewtTCyXdI  }

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Avian Influenza Report - Reporting period: March 19, 2017 – March 25, 2017 (Week 12) (Published on March 28, 2017)

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Avian Influenza Report is a weekly report produced by the Respiratory Disease Office, Centre for Health Protection of the Department of Health. This report highlights global avian influenza activity in humans and birds.

VOLUME 13, NUMBER 12

Reporting period: March 19, 2017 – March 25, 2017 (Week 12) (Published on March 28, 2017)

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Keywords: HK PRC SAR; Updates; H7N9; H5N1; H5N6; Avian Influenza; Human; Poultry; China; Worldwide.

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27 Mar 2017

#USA, Confirmed #H7, Presumptive Low Pathogenic #Avian #Influenza in a Commercial #Flock in #Georgia (DoA, Mar. 27 ‘17)

 

Title: #USA, Confirmed #H7, Presumptive Low Pathogenic #Avian #Influenza in a Commercial #Flock in #Georgia.

Subject: Avian Influenza, H7 subtype, poultry epizootics in USA.

Source: US State of Georgia Department of Health, full page: (LINK).

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Confirmed H7, Presumptive Low Pathogenic Avian Influenza in a Commercial Flock in Georgia

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Georgia Department of Agriculture, Gary W. Black, Commissioner, 19 Martin Luther King Jr. Dr. SW, Atlanta, GA 30334, www.agr.georgia.gov - Find us on Facebook • Follow on Twitter: @GDAFoodSafety@GeorgiaGrown

Press Release / FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE / Monday, March 27, 2017 / Office of Communications: 404-656-3689

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A flock of chickens at a commercial poultry breeding operation located in Chattooga County has tested positive for H7, presumptive low pathogenic avian influenza (LPAI). This is the first confirmation of avian influenza in domestic poultry in Georgia. Avian influenza does not pose a risk to the food supply, and no affected animals entered the food chain. The risk of human infection with avian influenza during poultry outbreaks is very low.

The virus was identified during routine pre-sale screening for the commercial facility and was confirmed as H7 avian influenza by the USDA National Veterinary Services Laboratory (NVSL) in Ames, Iowa. As a precaution the affected flock has been depopulated. Officials are testing and monitoring other flocks within the surveillance area and no other flocks have tested positive or experienced any clinical signs.

The announcement follows similar confirmations from Alabama, Kentucky and Tennessee in recent weeks.

The Georgia case is considered a presumptive low pathogenic avian influenza because the flock did not show any signs of illness. While LPAI is different from HPAI, control measures are under way as a precautionary measure. Wild birds are the source of the virus. Avian influenza virus strains often occur naturally in wild birds, and can infect wild migratory birds without causing illness.

“Poultry is the top sector of our number one industry, agriculture, and we are committed to protecting the livelihoods of the many farm families that are dependent on it,” said Georgia Commissioner of Agriculture Gary W. Black.

“In order to successfully do that, it is imperative that we continue our efforts of extensive biosecurity.”

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The official order prohibiting poultry exhibitions and the assembling of poultry to be sold issued by the state veterinarian’s office on March 16, 2017, remains in effect.

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The order prohibits all poultry exhibitions, sales at regional and county fairs, festivals, swap meets, live bird markets, flea markets, and auctions. The order also prohibits the concentration, collection or assembly of poultry of all types, including wild waterfowl from one or more premises for purposes of sale. Shipments of eggs or baby chicks from National Poultry Improvement Plan (NPIP), Avian Influenza Clean, approved facilities are not affected by this order.

Owners of poultry flocks are encouraged to closely observe their birds and report a sudden increase in the number of sick birds or bird deaths to the state veterinarian’s office at (855) 491-1432. For more updates and information regarding biosecurity tips visit www.ga-ai.org or www.allinallgone.com.

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Keywords: USA; Updates; Georgia; H7; Avian Influenza; Poultry.

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#Risk #Assessment: #MDR #TB in #migrants, multi-country #cluster, March 2017 (@ECDC_EU, summary)

 

Title: #Risk #Assessment: #MDR #TB in #migrants, multi-country #cluster, March 2017.

Subject: Tuberculosis, multi-drugs resistant, cluster of cases in several European Countries.

Source: European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC), full PDF file: (LINK). Summary.

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RAPID RISK ASSESSMENT

MDR tuberculosis in migrants, multi-country cluster, March 2017

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Suggested citation: European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control. Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis in migrants, multicountry cluster – 27 March 2017. Stockholm: ECDC; 2017.

© European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control, Stockholm, 2017

 

Conclusions and options for response

  • A multi-country cluster of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR TB) involving 25 migrants has been delineated by whole genome sequencing (WGS).
  • All cases have a recent history of migration from Somalia (22 cases), Eritrea (2 cases) and Ethiopia (1 case).
  • Cases have been reported by Germany (13 cases), Switzerland (8 cases), Austria (2 cases), Finland and Sweden (1 case each).
  • A WGS analysis of the 25 cluster isolates supports the hypothesis that the cases are part of a chain of recent transmission likely to have taken place either in the country of origin or in a place along the migration route to the country of destination.
  • Based on the currently available information, it is not possible as of yet to rule out that transmission occurred in an EU/EFTA country.
  • It therefore remains important to rapidly investigate exposure risk factors, including the travel history and itineraries of patients and their contacts, and share this information to determine whether transmission may have taken place in the EU/EFTA, during migration, or in the country of origin.
  • Depending on the results of the investigation, appropriate prevention and control measures should be taken.
  • Although the number of cases detected so far suggests that there is only a limited risk of this cluster becoming a widespread event in Europe, more cases may yet be identified in association with this cluster.
  • Early case finding of active TB and drug susceptibility testing, especially in newly arriving migrants from the Horn of Africa, is important in order to identify and treat active cases and to provide preventive treatment or monitoring for those diagnosed with latent tuberculosis infection.

(…)

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Keywords: ECDC; Updates; European Region; Tuberculosis; MDR-TB.

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Highly pathogenic #avian #influenza #H5N8, #Poland [a #poultry #outbreak] (#OIE, Mar. 27 ‘17)


Title: Highly pathogenic #avian #influenza #H5N8, #Poland [a #poultry #outbreak].

Subject: Avian Influenza, H5N8 subtype, poultry epizootics in Poland.

Source: OIE, full page: (LINK).

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Highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N8, Poland

Information received on 24/03/2017 from Dr Pawel Niemczuk, Chief Veterinary Officer, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, POL Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, VARSOVIE, Poland

  • Summary
    • Report type    Follow-up report No. 37
    • Date of start of the event    28/10/2016
    • Date of confirmation of the event    05/11/2016
    • Report date    24/03/2017
    • Date submitted to OIE    24/03/2017
    • Reason for notification    New strain of a listed disease in the country
    • Causal agent    Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus
    • Serotype    H5N8
    • Nature of diagnosis    Laboratory (advanced)
    • This event pertains to    a defined zone within the country
  • Summary of outbreaks   
    • Total outbreaks: 1
      • Total animals affected: Species    - Susceptible    - Cases    - Deaths    - Destroyed    - Slaughtered
        • Birds    - 23    - 13    - 13    - 10    - 0
      • Outbreak statistics: Species    - Apparent morbidity rate    - Apparent mortality rate    - Apparent case fatality rate    - Proportion susceptible animals lost*
        • Birds    - 56.52%    - 56.52%    - 100.00%    - 100.00%
          • *Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
  • Epidemiology
    • Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection   
      • Unknown or inconclusive

(...)

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Keywords: OIE; Updates; Avian Influenza; H5N8 ; Poultry; Poland.

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Highly pathogenic #avian #influenza #H5N1, #Vietnam [a #poultry #outbreak] (#OIE, Mar. 27 ‘17)


Title: Highly pathogenic #avian #influenza #H5N1, #Vietnam [a #poultry #outbreak].

Subject: Avian Influenza, H5N1 subtype, poultry epizootics in Vietnam.

Source: OIE, full page: (LINK).

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Highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1, Vietnam

Information received on 25/03/2017 from Dr Dong Pham Van, Director General, Chief Veterinary Officer, Department of Animal Health, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Hanoï, Vietnam

  • Summary
    • Report type    Follow-up report No. 6
    • Date of start of the event    14/02/2017
    • Date of confirmation of the event    15/02/2017
    • Report date    25/03/2017
    • Date submitted to OIE    25/03/2017
    • Reason for notification    Reoccurrence of a listed disease
    • Date of previous occurrence    10/2016
    • Manifestation of disease    Clinical disease
    • Causal agent    Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus
    • Serotype    H5N1
    • Nature of diagnosis    Clinical, Laboratory (advanced)
    • This event pertains to    the whole country
  • Summary of outbreaks   
    • Total outbreaks: 1
      • Total animals affected: Species    - Susceptible    - Cases    - Deaths    - Destroyed    - Slaughtered
        • Birds    - 891    - 200    - 200    - 691    - 0
      • Outbreak statistics: Species    - Apparent morbidity rate    - Apparent mortality rate    - Apparent case fatality rate    - Proportion susceptible animals lost*
        • Birds    - 22.45%    - 22.45%    - 100.00%    - 100.00%
          • *Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
  • Epidemiology
    • Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection   
      • Unknown or inconclusive

(...)

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Keywords: OIE; Updates; Avian Influenza; H5N1 ; Poultry; Vietnam.

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