28 Jul 2014

West #African #countries announce new #measures to stop #Ebola spread (@Guardian, July 28 2014)

[Source: The Guardian, full page: (LINK).]

West African countries announce new measures to stop Ebola spread [      ]

Monica Mark, The Guardian, Monday 28 July 2014 19.41 BST

Authorities across west Africa have announced a series of measures aimed at stopping the spread of the Ebola virus, which reached a fourth country last week with a death in Lagos, Africa's most populous city.

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Serviços de #Saúde apelam aos #cidadãos que pretendam viajar para países infectados com #ÉBOLA que tomem medidas rigorosas de precaução da saúde e higiene (Macau PRC SAR, July 28 2014)

[Source: Department of Health, Macau PRC SAR, full page: (LINK).]

Serviços de Saúde apelam aos cidadãos que pretendam viajar para países infectados com ÉBOLA que tomem medidas rigorosas de precaução da saúde e higiene [      ]

2014-07-28 22:32:00 / Fonte : Serviços de Saúde

Nos últimos dias a Organização Mundial de Saúde (OMS) lançou um alerta generalizado para o facto de em algumas regiões da África Ocidental, ter havido um incremento da epidemia causada pelo vírus Ébola.

Desde Fevereiro de 2014 até hoje foram já registados 1201 casos de infecção o que significa que há um risco acrescido e potencial de propagação do vírus Ébola.

Na lista de países já infectados com Ébola a OMS indica que na Guiné foram já infectadas 427 pessoas, na Libéria 249 e na Serra Leoa já foram confirmados 525 casos de infecção. Infelizmente já foram registados 672 casos de morte, ou seja uma taxa de mortalidade cerca de 56%.

A doença com vírus Ébola é uma doença viral aguda e grave, o seu período de incubação varia de 2 a 21 dias. Os sintomas são caracterizados pelo início súbito de febre, fraqueza intensa, dores musculares, dor de cabeça e dor de garganta seguido por vómitos, diarreia, erupção cutânea, deficiências da função renal e hepática, e, em alguns casos graves, pode, ainda, ocorrer hemorragia interna e externa, e até morte. Alguns morcegos frugívoros são considerados os hospedeiros naturais do vírus Ébola. Os chimpanzés, gorilas, macacos, antílopes florestais e porcos também podem ser eventuais portadores do vírus Ébola.

O vírus pode ser transmitido com infecção resultante do contacto directo com o sangue, secreções, órgãos ou outros fluidos corporais de animais infectados ou de pessoas infectadas, e contacto indirecto com ambientes contaminados com fluidos. Cerimónias fúnebres em que os indivíduos têm contacto directo com o corpo da pessoa falecida, também podem desempenhar um papel na transmissão de Ébola.

Os Serviços de Saúde alertam que não existe, ainda, nenhuma vacina que previna a infecção com vírus.

Apesar de Macau ter, mercê da sua localização, pouco contacto com os países até agora afectados, e de não haver um risco elevado de poder ser afectado os Serviços de Saúde desde a notificação efectuada pela OMS, têm estado atentos ao desenvolvimento epidemiológica das regiões envolvidas.

Daí que seja importante alertar que os Serviços de Saúde da RAEM dispõem de instalações de isolamento que podem ser utilizadas com segurança para a prestação de todos os cuidados de saúde das pessoas infectadas com vírus Ébola, encontrando-se previstos dispositivos de protecção que garantem total isolamento pelo menos durante três meses. Em simultâneo, os Serviços de Saúde vão aplicar as respectivas medidas para corresponder a mudança epidemiológica.

Como esta situação merece toda a atenção os Serviços de Saúde recomendam, ainda, aos cidadãos que pretendam viajar para as regiões infectadas que devem proceder a uma rigorosa avaliação de todos os seus movimentos em zonas de contágio. Em caso de permanecerem nas regiões afectadas, devem prestar atenção à higiene individual e ambiental, lavar com frequência as mãos seguindo os procedimentos correctos, evitando ao máximo ter contacto com animais, não comer carne que não esteja totalmente cozida, consumir as frutas e vegetais descascados e limpos. Caso não seja estritamente necessário devem abster-se de entrar em hospitais ou efectuar visitas a famílias que possam ser consideradas de risco.

Caso tenha viajado para as zonas de risco e se notar sintomas de febre, diarreia, vómitos, erupção ou sangramento num espaço de 21 dias após o regresso deve imediatamente recorrer ao médico, informando-o sobre o percurso da sua viagem.

Em caso de dúvidas, podem ligar para a linha aberta de informações das doenças transmissíveis dos Serviços de Saúde, através de número 28 700 800.

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#Ebola: #US #Doctor's #Condition 'Deteriorates' (Yahoo News, July 28 2014)

[Source: Yahoo! News, full page: (LINK).]

Ebola: US Doctor's Condition 'Deteriorates' [      ]

By Tom Parmenter, Sky News Correspondent | Sky News

(…) Dr Kent Brantly was working in West Africa tackling the deadly outbreak when he recognised his own symptoms and placed himself in isolation. (…) Melissa Strickland, spokesperson for the Samaritan's Purse charity that Dr Brantly was working for told Sky News: "Overnight, Dr Kent Brantly's condition deteriorated, but we are still classifying him as stable.

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#Saudi Arabia reported no new #MERS-CoV cases in the last 24 hours (@SaudiMOH, July 28 2014)

[Source: Saudi Arabia Ministry of Health, full page: (LINK).]

#Saudi Arabia reported no new #MERS-CoV cases in the last 24 hours [      ][      ]

7/28/2014

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New Cases:

  • No reports

Earlier reported cases discharged from hospital:

  1. man, 49 years old, Saudi national, resident in Al-Hufuf, with pre-existing medical condition.

Deaths in previously announced cases:

  • No reports.

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#Libéria fecha #fronteiras para conter #ebola (@JornalOGlobo, July 28 2014)

[Source: Globo, full page: (LINK).]

Libéria fecha fronteiras para conter ebola [      ]

Monróvia, Libéria - A maioria dos postos de fronteira da Libéria foi fechada, e as comunidades atingidas estão sob quarentena para evitar a propagação do vírus do ebola. Centros de triagem também estão sendo criados nos poucos pontos de passagem que permanecem abertos, entre eles, o aeroporto principal. O surto matou pelo menos 660 pessoas na África Ocidental desde fevereiro e é o mais mortal registrado até o momento. Ele começou na região Sul da Guiné e se espalhou para a Libéria e Serra Leoa.

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Face à #Ebola, le #Liberia ferme ses #frontières (@libe, July 28 2014)

[Source: Libération, full page: (LINK).]

Face à Ebola, le Liberia ferme ses frontières [      ]

Seuls quelques points d'entrée munis de centres de dépistage restent ouverts, notamment les principaux aéroports.

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#HK, Three suspected #cases of #MERS-CoV (CHP, July 28 2014)

[Source: Centre for Health Protection, Hong Kong PRC SAR, full page: (LINK).]

Three suspected cases of MERS [      ]

The Centre for Health Protection (CHP) of the Department of Health (DH) is today (July 28) investigating two suspected cases of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) affecting a 34-year-old man and a 45-year-old woman, and called on the public to stay alert and maintain good personal, food and environmental hygiene during travel.

In addition, the CHP provided an update on the suspected case of MERS notified yesterday (July 27). The 2-year-old boy's respiratory specimen tested negative for MERS Coronavirus (MERS-CoV).

The first patient is a 34-year-old man with good past health. He travelled from Pakistan to Hong Kong via Dubai yesterday and arrived in Hong Kong today. He has presented with fever and vomiting and was screened to have fever at the Hong Kong International Airport today. He was subsequently transferred to Princess Margaret Hospital for isolation. He is currently in stable condition.

The second patient is a 45-year-old woman with good past health. She returned to Hong Kong from Paris via Dubai on July 25 and arrived in Hong Kong on July 26. She has presented with fever and diarrhoea since yesterday and was admitted to Princess Margaret Hospital for isolation today. She is currently in stable condition.

Both patients' respiratory specimens have been collected for laboratory testing by the CHP's Public Health Laboratory Services Branch (PHLSB). Their travel collaterals have remained asymptomatic.

Regarding the suspected case of MERS notified yesterday, the 2-year-old boy's nasopharyngeal aspirate tested negative for MERS-CoV upon preliminary laboratory testing by the CHP's PHLSB. The patient travelled with his family from Dubai to Hong Kong on July 23. He has presented with fever since July 24 and cough since July 26. He was admitted to Princess Margaret Hospital on July 26 and has been in stable condition. His travel collaterals remain asymptomatic.

"We strongly advise travel agents organising tours to the Middle East not to arrange camel rides and activities involving camel contact, which may increase the risk of infection. In addition, travellers are reminded to avoid going to farms, barns or markets with camels, and avoid contact with animals, especially camels, birds, poultry or sick people during travel," a spokesman for the DH said.

"Recent scientific studies supported the premise that camels served as the primary source of MERS Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infecting humans. A study further suggested that human MERS-CoV infections could be transmitted through close contact with infected camels," the spokesman explained.

Locally, the DH's surveillance mechanism with public and private hospitals, practising doctors and at the airport is well in place. Suspected cases identified will be sent to public hospitals for isolation and management until their specimens test negative for MERS-CoV.

"MERS is a statutorily notifiable infectious disease and the PHLSB is capable of detecting the virus. No human cases have been recorded so far in Hong Kong," the spokesman said.

"The Government will be as transparent as possible in the dissemination of information. Whenever there is a suspected case, particularly involving patients with travel history to the Middle East, the CHP will release information to the public as soon as possible," the spokesman added.

Early identification of MERS-CoV is important, but not all cases can be detected in a timely manner, especially mild or atypical cases. Health-care workers (HCWs) should maintain vigilance and adhere to strict infection control measures while handling suspected or confirmed cases to reduce the risk of transmission to other patients, HCWs or visitors. Regular education should be provided.

Travellers returning from the Middle East who develop respiratory symptoms should wear face masks, seek medical attention and report their travel history to the doctor. HCWs should arrange MERS-CoV testing for them. Patients' lower respiratory tract specimens should be tested when possible and repeat testing should be undertaken when clinical and epidemiological clues strongly suggest MERS.

Travellers are reminded to take heed of personal, food and environmental hygiene:

  • Avoid going to farms, barns, or markets with camels;
  • Avoid contact with animals (especially camels), birds, poultry or sick people during travel;
  • Wash hands regularly before and after touching animals in case of visits to farms or barns;
  • Do not consume raw or undercooked animal products, including milk and meat, or foods which may be contaminated by animal secretions, excretions (such as urine) or products, unless they have been properly cooked, washed or peeled;
  • Seek medical consultation immediately if feeling unwell;
  • Avoid visits to health-care settings with MERS patients;
  • Wash hands before touching the eyes, nose and mouth, and after sneezing, coughing or cleaning the nose; and
  • Wash hands before eating or handling food, and after using the toilet.

The public may visit the CHP's MERS page (www.chp.gov.hk/en/view_content/26511.html), the DH's Travel Health Service (www.travelhealth.gov.hk/english/popup/popup.html) or the latest news of the World Health Organization (www.who.int/csr/don/archive/disease/coronavirus_infections/en/) for more information and health advice.

Tour leaders and tour guides operating overseas tours are advised to refer to the CHP's health advice against MERS (www.chp.gov.hk/en/view_content/26551.html).

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#Liberia shuts #border crossings, restricts #gatherings to curb #Ebola spreading (@Reuters, July 28 2014)

[Source: Reuters, full page: (LINK).]

Liberia shuts border crossings, restricts gatherings to curb Ebola spreading [      ]

MONROVIA (Reuters) - The Liberian government on Sunday closed most of the West African nation's border crossings and introduced stringent health measures to curb the spread of the deadly Ebola virus that has killed at least 660 people across the region.

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Second #American #citizen contracts deadly #Ebola virus (ITV News, July 28 2014)

[Source: ITV News, full page: (LINK).]

Second American citizen contracts deadly Ebola virus [      ]

ITV News - The Ebola virus has killed 660 people across west Africa. Credit: Reuters. The measures come as a second American citizen working in the country contracted the deadly virus, which has spread across Guinea, Liberia, Sierra Leone and Nigeria. "All borders ...

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#Ebola #outbreak: Most #border #crossings to close in #Liberia (@BBCWorld, July 28 2014)

[Source: BBC, full page: (LINK).]

Ebola outbreak: Most border crossings to close in Liberia [      ]

BBC News - Most border crossings in Liberia are being closed to try to halt the spread of Ebola. Testing centres are to be set up at the few major entry points to the country which will remain open, such as the international airport. The new restrictions followed the first ...

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