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#WHO #statement on the 3rd #meeting of the #IHR(2005) #EC on #Zika virus and related #complications (@WHO, June 14 2016)

  Title : #WHO #statement on the 3rd #meeting of the #IHR(2005) #EC on #Zika virus and related #complications. Subject : Zika Virus Diseas...

23 Jul 2016

#Zika #Virus #Research #References #Library–July 23 2016 #Update, Issue No. 26


Title: #Zika #Virus #Research #References #Library–July 23 2016 #Update, Issue No. 26.

Subject: Zika Virus and Related Complications Research, weekly references library update.

Source: AMEDEO, homepage: (LINK).

Code: [  R  ]


This Week’s References:


  2. ASHFAQ UA, Ahmed B.
  3. ZHOU H, Eaton B, Hu Z, Arif B, et al.
  5. GUERBOIS M, Fernandez-Salas I, Azar SR, Danis-Lozano R, et al.
    • Outbreak of Zika virus infection, Chiapas State, Mexico, 2015, and first confirmed transmission by Aedes aegypti mosquitoes in the Americas.
  6. TRILLA A, Trilla-Aymerich G.
  7. SWANSTROM JA, Plante JA, Plante KS, Young EF, et al.
  8. KRITTANAWONG C, Zhang H, Sun T.
  9. ROSA R, Abbo LM, Kapur G, Paige P, et al.
    • Development and Implementation of a Zika Virus Disease Response Protocol at a Large Academic Medical Center.
  10. TIAN H, Ji X, Yang X, Zhang Z, et al.
  11. MOUNCE BC, Poirier EZ, Passoni G, Simon-Loriere E, et al.
    • Interferon-Induced Spermidine-Spermine Acetyltransferase and Polyamine Depletion Restrict Zika and Chikungunya Viruses.
  13. BUEKENS P, Alger J, Althabe F, Bergel E, et al.
  14. RIERA F.
  15. DICKENS BL, Yang J, Cook AR, Carrasco LR, et al.
  16. HAFIZ MY, Mahmood SU, Shoaib M, Yusuf FH, et al.
  17. ROCA SAUMELL C, Solsona Diaz L.
  18. ADIBI JJ, Zhao Y, Cartus AR, Gupta P, et al.
  19. MULLER M, Terry SF.
  20. SARDI S, Somasekar S, Naccache SN, Bandeira AC, et al.
    • Co-Infections from Zika and Chikungunya Virus in Bahia, Brazil Identified by Metagenomic Next-Generation Sequencing.
  21. DE LAVAL F, Leparc-Goffart I, Meynard JB, Daubigny H, et al.
  22. TANG BL.
  24. POPUCHE-PISCOYA D, Santana-Bazalar D, Malca-Tello N.
  25. PHILLIPS JA, Neyland A.
  28. SHARP TM, Munoz-Jordan J, Perez-Padilla J, Bello-Pagan MI, et al.
  29. ALIOTA MT, Peinado SA, Osorio JE, Bartholomay LC, et al.
  30. PRISANT N, Bujan L, Benichou H, Hayot PH, et al.
  31. MYSOREKAR IU, Diamond MS.
  32. LESSLER J, Chaisson LH, Kucirka LM, Bi Q, et al.
  33. STETTLER K, Beltramello M, Espinosa DA, Graham V, et al.
  34. FERGUSON NM, Cucunuba ZM, Dorigatti I, Nedjati-Gilani GL, et al.
  35. GRISCHOTT F, Puhan M, Hatz C, Schlagenhauf P, et al.


Keywords: Research; Abstracts; Zika Virus; Zika References Library.


#HK, Suspected #MERS cases reported (CHP, July 23 2016)


Title: #HK, Suspected #MERS cases reported.

Subject: MERS Coronavirus, suspected imported cases in Hong Kong.

Source: Centre for Health Protection, Hong Kong PRC SAR, full page: (LINK).

Code: [     ]


Suspected MERS cases reported

The Centre for Health Protection (CHP) of the Department of Health (DH) today (July 23) reported two suspected cases of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS), and again urged the public to pay special attention to safety during travel, taking due consideration of health risks of the places of visit. 

The test results are pending and the CHP will update the public in due course.

The cases are detailed below:

[Sex – Age - Affected area(s) involved – Hospital – Condition - MERS-CoV preliminary test result]

  1. Female – 4 - Kingdom of Saudi Arabia - Queen Elizabeth Hospital – Stable – Pending
  2. Female – 38 - Kingdom of Saudi Arabia - Queen Elizabeth Hospital – Stable -  Pending


"Travellers to the Middle East should avoid going to farms, barns or markets with camels, avoid contact with sick persons and animals, especially camels, birds or poultry, and avoid unnecessary visits to healthcare facilities.

‘’We strongly advise travel agents organising tours to the Middle East to abstain from arranging camel rides and activities involving direct contact with camels, which are known risk factors for acquiring MERS coronavirus (MERS-CoV)," a spokesman for the CHP said. 

Locally, the DH's surveillance with public and private hospitals, practising doctors and at boundary control points is firmly in place.

Inbound travellers and members of the public who recently visited the Middle East and developed fever or lower respiratory symptoms within 14 days will be classified as suspected MERS cases.

They will be taken to public hospitals for isolation and management until their specimens test negative for MERS-CoV. 

Travellers to affected areas should maintain vigilance, adopt appropriate health precautions and take heed of personal, food and environmental hygiene.

The public may visit these pages for more information and health advice:

Tour leaders and tour guides operating overseas tours are advised to refer to the CHP's health advice on MERS.


Keywords: HK PRC SAR; Updatea; MERS-CoV.


#MERS-CoV, #Saudi Arabia: No New Cases reported in the last 24 hours (@SaudiMOH, July 23 2016)


Title: MERS-CoV, Saudi Arabia: No New Cases reported in the last 24 hours.

Subject: MERS Coronavirus Epidemic in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, daily update.

Source: Saudi Arabia Ministry of Health, full page: (LINK).

Code: [     ]


MOH: 'No New Corona Cases Recorded



New Cases:

  • No reports

New Recoveries:

  • No reports

New Deaths:

  • No reports

Cumulative number of confirmed cases and deaths since June 2012:

[Total No. of Cases – Total No. of Deaths – Patients under treatment]

  • 1440At least 606 - 5




Keywords: MERS-CoV; Updates; Saudi Arabia.


#Zika Virus, #Epidemiological #situation: 22 July 2016 (@ECDC_EU, edited)


Title: #Zika Virus, #Epidemiological #situation: 22 July 2016.

Subject: Zika Virus and related complications, weekly worldwide update by ECDC.

Source: European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC), full page: (LINK).

Code: [     ]


Zika Virus, Epidemiological situation: 22 July 2016


New developments since the last epidemiological update

  • On 15 July, the island of Saba in the Caribbean reported its first local mosquito-borne Zika virus transmission.
  • On 15 July 2016, the first suspected female-to-male sexual transmission of Zika virus was reported by the US CDC
  • Since 18 July, the CDC has been supporting the investigation of a new case of Zika virus infection in a Utah resident who took care of a previously infected case who died in late June.
    • Both cases were laboratory confirmed for Zika virus infection.
    • This new case had not travelled to any affected areas and had not had sex with someone infected with Zika.
    • Investigators are now trying to determine how this second resident became infected.
  • In the USA, Florida health officials are investigating possible non-travel-related cases of Zika virus in Miami-Dade County and Broward County.
  • On 21 July, the media reported that the first Zika vaccine has been approved by Health Canada and the US Food and Drug Administration to begin Phase I clinical trials in humans.
  • In Brazil, on 21 July the Ministry of Health confirmed that further studies are needed to clarify the possible link between Zika virus and Culex mosquitoes following recent unpublished research by the Oswaldo Cruz Foundation (Fiocruz) which detected Zika virus in samples collected from Culex quinquefasciatus (the popular muriçoca or house mosquito) in the city of Recife. The preliminary results of field research identified the presence of Culex quinquefasciatus naturally infected with Zika virus in three of the 80 pools of mosquitoes analysed to date.


EU/EEA imported cases

  • Since week 45/2015, 18 countries (Austria, Belgium, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Romania, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and the UK) have reported 1048 travel-associated Zika virus infections through The European Surveillance System (TESSy).


EU’s Outermost Regions and Territories

  • As of 21 July 2016: 
    • Guadeloupe:
      • 23,300 suspected cases have been detected, an increase of 1 230 suspected cases since last week. The weekly number of cases is slightly decreasing.  
    • French Guiana:
      • 9 090 suspected cases have been detected, an increase of 120 since last week. The weekly number of cases has been decreasing over the past three weeks.  
    • Martinique:
      • 33 460 suspected cases have been reported, an increase of 530 since last week. The weekly number of cases is stable compared to the previous week.   
    • St Barthélemy:
      • 270 suspected cases have been detected, an increase of 45 suspected cases since last week. The virus is still actively circulating.   
    • St Martin:
      • 1 580 suspected cases have been detected, an increase of 160 suspected cases since last week. The weekly number of cases remains stable compared to the previous week.


Update on microcephaly and/or central nervous system (CNS) malformations potentially associated with Zika virus infection

  • As of 20 July 2016, microcephaly and other central nervous system (CNS) malformations associated with Zika virus infection or suggestive of congenital infection have been reported by 13 countries or territories.
  • Brazil has reported the highest number of cases.
    • Between October 2015 and 20 July 2016, Brazil reported 8 571 suspected cases of microcephaly and other nervous system disorders suggestive of congenital infection.
    • This represents an increase of 120 cases since the last update; 1 709 are confirmed cases of microcephaly, 267 of which are laboratory-confirmed for Zika virus infection, according to the Ministry of Health.
  • In the EU, Spain (2) and Slovenia (1) reported congenital malformations associated with Zika virus infection after travel in the affected areas.
    • Cases have also been detected in the EU’s Outermost Regions and Territories in Martinique, French Guiana and French Polynesia.
  • Fifteen countries and territories worldwide reported an increased incidence of Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) and/or laboratory confirmation of a Zika virus infection among GBS cases.
  • Web sources:


ECDC assessment

  • The spread of the Zika virus epidemic in the Americas is likely to continue as the vectors (Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus mosquitoes) are widely distributed there.
  • The likelihood of travel-related cases in the EU is increasing.
  • A detailed risk assessment is available here.
  • As neither treatment nor vaccines are available, prevention is based on personal protection measures.
  • Pregnant women should consider postponing non-essential travel to Zika-affected areas.


Table 1. Countries and territories with reported confirmed autochthonous cases of Zika virus infection in the past three months, as of 22 July 2016 

[Country​ - Last case since 3 months​]

  1. American Samoa - Widespread transmission
  2. Anguilla - Sporadic transmission
  3. Argentina - Widespread transmission
  4. Aruba - Widespread transmission
  5. Barbados - Widespread transmission
  6. Belize - Widespread transmission
  7. Bolivia - Widespread transmission
  8. Bonaire - Widespread transmission
  9. Brazil - Widespread transmission
  10. Cape Verde - Widespread transmission
  11. Colombia - Widespread transmission
  12. Costa Rica - Widespread transmission
  13. Curaçao - Widespread transmission
  14. Dominica - Widespread transmission
  15. Dominican Republic - Widespread transmission
  16. Ecuador - Widespread transmission
  17. El Salvador - Widespread transmission
  18. Fiji - Widespread transmission
  19. French Guiana - Widespread transmission
  20. Grenada - Sporadic transmission
  21. Guadeloupe - Widespread transmission
  22. Guatemala - Widespread transmission
  23. Guinea-Bissau - Sporadic transmission
  24. Haiti - Widespread transmission
  25. Honduras - Widespread transmission
  26. Indonesia - Sporadic transmission
  27. Jamaica - Widespread transmission
  28. Martinique - Widespread transmission
  29. Mexico - Widespread transmission
  30. Micronesia, Federated States of - Widespread transmission
  31. Nicaragua - Widespread transmission
  32. Panama - Widespread transmission
  33. Paraguay - Widespread transmission
  34. Peru - Widespread transmission
  35. Philippines - Sporadic transmission
  36. Puerto Rico - Widespread transmission
  37. Saint Lucia - Widespread transmission
  38. Saint Martin - Widespread transmission
  39. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines - Widespread transmission
  40. Saint-Barthélemy - Widespread transmission
  41. Samoa - Widespread transmission
  42. Sint Eustatius - Sporadic transmission
  43. Sint Maarten - Widespread transmission
  44. Suriname - Widespread transmission
  45. Thailand - Widespread transmission
  46. Tonga - Widespread transmission
  47. Trinidad and Tobago - Widespread transmission
  48. US Virgin Islands - Widespread transmission
  49. Venezuela - Widespread transmission


Figure 1. Countries or territories with reported confirmed autochthonous cases of Zika virus infection in the past three months, as of 22 July 2016


All ECDC maps with information on countries or territories with reported confirmed autochthonous cases of Zika virus infection can be found here.


- See more at:


Keywords: ECDC; European Region; Worldwide; Zika Virus; Updates.


#USA, #Stika #hospital treats first known #Alaskan case of #Zika Virus (APM, July 23 2016)


Title: #USA, #Stika #hospital treats first known #Alaskan case of #Zika Virus.

Subject: Zika virus, first imported case in Alaska.

Source: Alaska Public Media, full page: (LINK).

Code: [     ]


Stika hospital treats first known Alaskan case of Zika Virus

By Katherine Rose, KCAW – Sitka / July 22, 2016

The state department of Health and Social Services announced the first known case of the Zika Virus in Alaska today. The patient was treated at SEARHC’s Mt. Edgcumbe Hospital in Sitka. The patient, a male from the midwest, traveled in Central America before arriving in Alaska, where he began to experience unusual symptoms.



Keywords: USA; Alaska; Zika Virus.


#FactFriday: Accoring to @NOAA #June 2016 was the warmest on #record in the #US (July 23 2016)


Title: #FactFriday: Accoring to @NOAA #June 2016 was the warmest on record in the US.

Subject: Climate Change & Global Warming, warmest June on the record for the US.

Source: NOAA, full page: (LINK). via Instagram.

Code: [  !  ]




Keywords: USA; Updates; NOAA; Climate Change; Global Warming.


22 Jul 2016

#USA, #Florida: DoH Daily #Zika #Update: 19 New #Travel-Related Cases (July 22 2016)


Title: #USA, #Florida: DoH Daily #Zika #Update: 19 New #Travel-Related Cases.

Subject: Zika Virus, US State of Florida daily epidemiological update.

Source: US State of Florida Department of Health, full page: (LINK).

Code: [     ]


Department of Health Daily Zika Update: 19 New Travel-Related Cases

By Florida Department of Health, Office of Communications / July 22, 2016 / Press Release / Contact: Communications Office, - (850) 245-4111


Tallahassee, Fla.

In an effort to keep Florida residents and visitors safe and aware about the status of the Zika virus, the Florida Department of Health will issue a Zika virus update each week day at 2 p.m. Updates will include a CDC-confirmed Zika case count by county and information to better keep Floridians prepared.

There are 19 new travel-related cases of Zika with three in Orange, two in Hillsborough, two in Osceola, two in Seminole, two in Volusia, one in Broward, one in Miami-Dade, one in Okeechobee, one in Palm Beach, one in Pasco, one in Polk, one in St. Johns and one involving a pregnant women.

The Declaration of Public Health Emergency has been amended to include Okeechobee County.

According to CDC, symptoms associated with the Zika virus last between seven to 10 days.

The department’s investigations into the possible non-travel related Zika virus cases in Miami-Dade and Broward counties are ongoing and the department will share more details as they become available.

To date, approximately 200 people have been interviewed and tested as part of the department’s investigations and we await additional lab results.

Dr. Marc Fischer, medical epidemiologist with CDC arrived in Florida today to assist in our investigation with mapping and testing methodology.

The department is conducting door-to-door outreach with mosquito control in the areas surrounding the residences, work places and frequently visited locations of both suspect cases.

Residents and visitors are urged to participate in requests for blood and urine samples by the department in the areas of investigation. These results will help the department determine the number of people affected.

Zika prevention kits and repellent are being distributed in the areas of investigation, through local OBGYN offices and at both DOH-Broward and DOH-Miami-Dade.

CDC recommends that women who are pregnant or thinking of becoming pregnant postpone travel to Zika affected areas.

According to CDC guidance, providers should consider testing all pregnant women with a history of travel to a Zika affected area for the virus.

CDC recommends that a pregnant woman with a history of Zika virus and her provider should consider additional ultrasounds.

Florida has been monitoring pregnant women with evidence of Zika regardless of symptoms since January.

The total number of pregnant women who have been monitored is 47, with 15 having met the previous CDC case definition.

The Council of State and Territorial Epidemiologists and CDC released a new case definition for Zika that now includes reporting both asymptomatic and symptomatic cases of Zika. Prior to this change, states reported only symptomatic non-pregnant cases and pregnant cases regardless of symptoms. This change comes as a result of increased availability for testing in commercial laboratories.


[County - Number of Cases (all travel related)]

  1. Alachua – 5
  2. Brevard – 6
  3. Broward – 51
  4. Charlotte – 1
  5. Citrus – 2
  6. Clay – 3
  7. Collier – 4
  8. Duval – 6
  9. Escambia – 1
  10. Highlands – 1
  11. Hillsborough – 9
  12. Lake – 1
  13. Lee – 6
  14. Manatee – 1
  15. Martin – 1
  16. Miami-Dade – 93
  17. Okaloosa – 1
  18. Okeechobee – 1
  19. Orange – 36
  20. Osceola – 17
  21. Palm Beach – 15
  22. Pasco – 6
  23. Pinellas  - 7
  24. Polk – 11
  25. Santa Rosa – 1
  26. Seminole – 11
  27. St. Johns – 3
  28. St. Lucie – 1
  29. Volusia – 5
  • Total cases not involving pregnant women – 306
    • Cases involving pregnant women regardless of symptoms* – 47


*Counties of pregnant women will not be shared.


All cases are travel-associated. There have been no locally-acquired cases of Zika in Florida. For more information on the Zika virus, click here.



Keywords: USA; Updates; Zika Virus; Florida.


#Nonsmokers in multi-unit housing may be exposed to #secondhand #smoke (@CDCgov, July 22 2016)


Title: Nonsmokers in multi-unit housing may be exposed to secondhand smoke.

Subject: Second hand smoking, health issues for nonsmokers.

Source: US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), full page: (LINK). via Instagram.

Code: [     ]




Keywords: US CDC; USA; Updates; Cancer.


#Germany, a #gunman makes several #victims at a #Munich #shoppingcentre (Sky News, July 22 2016)


Title: Germany, a gunman makes several victims at a Munich shopping centre.

Subject: Terror Attack in Munich, Germany.

Source: SkyNews, full page: (LINK). via Instagram.

Code: [  !  ]




Keywords: Germany; Society; Terrorism.


#USA, #Texas: Reported #Zika Virus Cases – July 22, 2016 (DoH, edited)


Title: #USA, #Texas: Reported #Zika Virus Cases – July 22, 2016.

Subject: Zika Virus, US State of Texas daily epidemiological update.

Source: US State of Texas Department of Health, full page: (LINK).

Code: [     ]


Reported Zika Virus Cases – July 22, 2016

Texas has had 73 reported cases of Zika virus disease.

This count includes three pregnant women, one infant infected before birth, and one person who had sexual contact with a traveler.


Texas Zika Cases by County:

[County  - Cases]

  1. Bell  - 1
  2. Bexar  - 6
  3. Collin  - 2
  4. Dallas  - 17
  5. Denton  - 3
  6. Ellis  - 1
  7. Fort Bend  - 3
  8. Gray  - 1
  9. Grayson  - 1
  10. Hamilton  - 1
  11. Harris  - 21
  12. Lubbock  - 1
  13. Medina  - 1
  14. Tarrant  - 9
  15. Travis  - 2
  16. Val Verde  - 1
  17. Williamson  - 1
  18. Wise  - 1
    • Total – 73


Note: Zika case data for Texas will be updated each weekday no later than 11 a.m.


Keywords: USA; Updates; Zika Virus; Texas.