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#Assessment of #risk associated with #influenza A(#H5N8) virus, 17 November 2016 (@WHO)

  Title : #Assessment of #risk associated with #influenza A(#H5N8) virus, 17 November 2016. Subject : Avian Influenza, H5N8 subtype, multi...

24 Jan 2017

#USA, #Texas: Reported #Zika Virus Cases – January 24, 2017 (DoH, edited)

 

Title: #USA, #Texas: Reported #Zika Virus Cases – January 24, 2017.

Subject: Zika virus, current epidemiological situation in Texas.

Source: US State of Texas Department of Health, full page: (LINK).

Code: [     ]

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Reported Zika Virus Cases  – January 24, 2017

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DSHS provides updates every Tuesday on the number of Zika virus disease cases in Texas by the patient’s county of residence.

As of the week ending Jan. 20, one Zika case has been reported for 2017 with 300 cases reported for 2015 and 2016.

Full data for previous years is available at TexasZika.org.

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  1. Brazoria – 1

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Keywords: USA; Updates; Zika Virus; Texas.

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Highly pathogenic #avian #influenza #H5N8, #Slovenia [infected #wildbirds] (#OIE, Jan. 24 ‘17)


Title: Highly pathogenic #avian #influenza #H5N8, #Slovenia [infected #wildbirds].

Subject: Avian Influenza, H5N8 subtype, wild birds epizootics in Slovenia.

Source: OIE, full page: (LINK).

Code: [     ]

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Highly pathogenic influenza A viruses (infection with) (non-poultry including wild birds) H5N8, Slovenia

Information received on 24/01/2017 from Dr Janez Posedi, Director General, Administration of the Republic of Slovenia for Food Safety, Veterinary Sector and Plant Protection (AFSVSPP), Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Food, Ljubljana, Slovenia

  • Summary
    • Report type    Follow-up report No. 1
    • Date of start of the event    01/01/2017
    • Date of confirmation of the event    05/01/2017
    • Report date    24/01/2017
    • Date submitted to OIE    24/01/2017
    • Reason for notification    New strain of a listed disease in the country
    • Causal agent    Highly Pathogenic Influenza A virus
    • Serotype    H5N8
    • Nature of diagnosis    Laboratory (basic), Laboratory (advanced)
    • This event pertains to    a defined zone within the country
  • Summary of outbreaks   
    • Total outbreaks: 3
      • Total animals affected: Species    - Susceptible    - Cases    - Deaths    - Destroyed    - Slaughtered
        • Mute Swan:Cygnus olor(Anatidae)        - … – 3    - 3    - 0    - 0
      • Outbreak statistics: Species    - Apparent morbidity rate    - Apparent mortality rate    - Apparent case fatality rate    - Proportion susceptible animals lost*
        • Mute Swan:Cygnus olor(Anatidae)    - **    - **    - 100.00%    - **
          • *Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
          • **Not calculated because of missing information
  • Epidemiology
    • Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection   
      • Unknown or inconclusive

(...)

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Keywords: OIE; Updates; Avian Influenza; H5N8 ; Wild Birds; Slovenia.

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Bovine spongiform encephalopathy [#BSE], #Ireland (#OIE, Jan. 24 ‘17)

 

Title: Bovine spongiform encephalopathy [#BSE], #Ireland.

Subject: Prions diseases, BSE in cattle, Ireland.

Source: OIE, full page: (LINK).

Code: [     ]

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Bovine spongiform encephalopathy, Ireland

Information received on 23/01/2017 from Dr Martin Blake, Chief Veterinary Officer, Department of Agriculture, Food and the Marine, Agriculture House, Dublin, Ireland

  • Summary
    • Report type Immediate notification
    • Date of start of the event 13/01/2017
    • Date of confirmation of the event 14/01/2017
    • Report date 23/01/2017
    • Date submitted to OIE 24/01/2017
    • Reason for notification Reoccurrence of a listed disease
    • Date of previous occurrence 25/06/2015
    • Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
    • Causal agent BSE prion
    • Nature of diagnosis Laboratory (advanced)
    • This event pertains to the whole country
  • New outbreaks
    • Summary of outbreaks
      • Total outbreaks: 1
        • Outbreak Location  - GALWAY ( Loughrea )
      • Total animals affected: Species – Susceptible – Cases – Deaths – Destroyed – Slaughtered
        • Cattle  - 3  - 1  - 0  - 3  - 0
      • Outbreak statistics: Species - Apparent morbidity rate - Apparent mortality rate - Apparent case fatality rate - Proportion susceptible animals lost*
        • Cattle - 33.33% - 0.00% - 0.00% - 100.00%
          • * Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter;
  • Epidemiology
    • Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
      • Unknown or inconclusive
  • Epidemiological comments
    • On 14th January, the Department of Agriculture, Food and the Marine (DAFM) was advised of a positive result to a rapid screening test (Idexx HerdChek BSE/Scrapie Antigen Test Kit using the Ultra-Short protocol) carried out by an accredited private laboratory approved by the competent authority.
    • The suspect animal was sampled by DAFM staff at a knackery as part of the on-going official sampling of all fallen (died on farm) animals of 48 months and older.
    • The sample material and the brain were subsequently forwarded to the National Reference Laboratory (NRL) where samples from different brain areas were subject to confirmatory testing using an OIE-approved confirmatory Western blot method, a two-blot protocol for the classification of BSE isolates.
    • All the samples had an identical molecular pattern indicating atypical L Type BSE.
    • In accordance with NRL protocols, samples from the animal were then sent for histopathology and immunohistochemistry on the medulla of the brain.
    • These are further OIE confirmatory testing methods for BSE. Results of these tests are due this week.
    • Final confirmatory test results were received from the NRL on 18th January 2017 confirming the case to be atypical L type BSE.
    • The animal was an Aberdeen Angus female, born on 5 March 1998.
    • The animal was born in a herd in County Cork and it moved early in its life to the herd in Galway where it remained for the rest of its life.
    • The farmer reported that the animal had appeared stiff for 2 weeks prior to death.
    • On 11th January the animal was recumbent but it recovered and it became recumbent again on the morning of January 13th.
    • The decision was taken to euthanize the animal then. The animal remained eating and drinking at all times.
  • Control measures
    • Measures applied
      • Movement control inside the country
      • Official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste
      • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
      • No treatment of affected animals
    • Measures to be applied
      • No other measures
  • Diagnostic test results
    • Laboratory name and type - Central Veterinary Research Laboratory ( National laboratory )
      • Tests and results: Species – Test - Test date – Result
        • Cattle - histopathological examination – Pending
        • Cattle - immunohistochemical test  - Pending
        • Cattle - western blot - 18/01/2017 – Positive
    • Laboratory name and type - Enfer laboratories ( Private Laboratory )
      • Tests and results: Species – Test - Test date – Result
        • Cattle - rapid tests - 14/01/2017 – Positive
  • Future Reporting
    • The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.

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Keywords: OIE; Updates; Prions; BSE; Cattle; Ireland.

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Highly pathogenic #avian #influenza #H5N8, #Germany [nine #poultry and #wildbirds #outbreaks] (#OIE, Jan. 24 ‘17)


Title: Highly pathogenic #avian #influenza #H5N8, #Germany [nine #poultry and #wildbirds #outbreaks].

Subject: Avian Influenza, H5N8 subtype, poultry and wild birds epizootics in Germany.

Source: OIE, full page: (LINK).

Code: [     ][     ]

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Highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N8, Germany

Information received on 20/01/2017 from Dr. Karin Schwabenbauer, Ministerial Dirigentin and Chief Veterinary Officer , Directorate of Animal Health, Animal Welfare, Bundesministerium für Ernährung und Landwirtschaft (BMEL) , Bonn, Germany

  • Summary
    • Report type    Follow-up report No. 18
    • Date of start of the event    07/11/2016
    • Date of confirmation of the event    08/11/2016
    • Report date    20/01/2017
    • Date submitted to OIE    20/01/2017
    • Reason for notification    Reoccurrence of a listed disease
    • Date of previous occurrence    09/2015
    • Manifestation of disease    Clinical disease
    • Causal agent    Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus
    • Serotype    H5N8
    • Nature of diagnosis    Clinical, Laboratory (basic), Laboratory (advanced)
    • This event pertains to    the whole country
  • Summary of outbreaks   
    • Total outbreaks: 9
      • Total animals affected: Species    - Susceptible    - Cases    - Deaths    - Destroyed    - Slaughtered
        • Anatidae (unidentified):Anatidae (incognita)(Anatidae)        - … – 10    - 10    - 0    - 0
        • Birds    - 24347    - 4817    - 18    - 24329    - 0
      • Outbreak statistics: Species    - Apparent morbidity rate    - Apparent mortality rate    - Apparent case fatality rate    - Proportion susceptible animals lost*
        • Anatidae (unidentified):Anatidae (incognita)(Anatidae)    - **    - **    - 100.00%    - **
        • Birds    - 19.78%    - 0.07%    - 0.37%    - 100.00%
          • *Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
          • **Not calculated because of missing information
  • Epidemiology
    • Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection   
      • Unknown or inconclusive
  • Epidemiological comments   
    • All poultry have been culled and safely disposed of.
    • No poultry or poultry products have been dispatched.
    • Restriction zones have been established and epidemiological investigations started.

(...)

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Keywords: OIE; Updates; Avian Influenza; H5N8 ; Poultry; Wild Birds; Germany.

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Highly pathogenic #avian #influenza #H5N8, #France [thirty #poultry #outbreaks] (#OIE, Jan. 24 ‘17)


Title: Highly pathogenic #avian #influenza #H5N8, #France [thirty #poultry #outbreaks].

Subject: Avian Influenza, H5N8 subtype, poultry epizootics in France.

Source: OIE, full page: (LINK).

Code: [     ]

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Highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N8, France

Information received on 20/01/2017 from Dr Loic Evain, Directeur Général adjoint, CVO, Direction générale de l'alimentation, Ministère de l'Agriculture, de l'Agroalimentaire et de la Forêt, Paris, France

  • Summary
    • Report type    Follow-up report No. 19
    • Date of start of the event    25/11/2016
    • Date of confirmation of the event    01/12/2016
    • Report date    20/01/2017
    • Date submitted to OIE    20/01/2017
    • Reason for notification    New strain of a listed disease
    • Manifestation of disease    Clinical disease
    • Causal agent    Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus
    • Serotype    H5N8
    • Nature of diagnosis    Clinical, Laboratory (advanced)
    • This event pertains to    a defined zone within the country
  • Summary of outbreaks   
    • Total outbreaks: 30
      • Total animals affected: Species    - Susceptible    - Cases    - Deaths    - Destroyed    - Slaughtered
        • Birds    - 165853    - 285 **    - 574    - 160095    - 0
      • Outbreak statistics: Species    - Apparent morbidity rate    - Apparent mortality rate    - Apparent case fatality rate    - Proportion susceptible animals lost*
        • Birds    - **    - **    - **    - **
          • *Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
          • **Not calculated because of missing information
  • Epidemiology
    • Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection   
      • Unknown or inconclusive

(...)

___

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Keywords: OIE; Updates; Avian Influenza; H5N8 ; Poultry; France.

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Highly pathogenic #avian #influenza #H5N8, #Slovakia [fifteen #wildbirds #outbreaks] (#OIE, Jan. 24 ‘17)


Title: Highly pathogenic #avian #influenza #H5N8, #Slovakia [fifteen #wildbirds #outbreaks].

Subject: Avian Influenza, H5N8 subtype, wild birds epizootics in Slovakia.

Source: OIE, full page: (LINK).

Code: [     ]

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Highly pathogenic influenza A viruses (infection with) (non-poultry including wild birds) H5N8, Slovakia

Information received on 22/01/2017 from Dr Jozef Bires , Director & Chief Veterinary Officer , State Veterinary and Food Administration , Ministry of Agriculture, BRATISLAVA, Slovakia

  • Summary
    • Report type    Follow-up report No. 2
    • Date of start of the event    02/01/2017
    • Date of confirmation of the event    03/01/2017
    • Report date    22/01/2017
    • Date submitted to OIE    22/01/2017
    • Reason for notification    Reoccurrence of a listed disease
    • Date of previous occurrence    24/02/2006
    • Manifestation of disease    Clinical disease
    • Causal agent    Highly pathogenic influenza A virus
    • Serotype    H5N8
    • Nature of diagnosis    Clinical, Laboratory (basic), Laboratory (advanced), Necropsy
    • This event pertains to    a defined zone within the country
  • Summary of outbreaks   
    • Total outbreaks: 15
      • Total animals affected: Species    - Susceptible    - Cases    - Deaths    - Destroyed    - Slaughtered
        • Whooper Swan:Cygnus cygnus(Anatidae)        - … – 16    - 16    - 0    - 0
        • Eurasian Blackbird:Turdus merula(Turdidae)        - … – 1    - 1    - 0    - 0
        • Mute Swan:Cygnus olor(Anatidae)        - … – 46    - 39    - 7    - 0
        • Grey Heron:Ardea cinerea(Ardeidae)        - … – 1    - 1    - 0    - 0
        • Mallard:Anas platyrhynchos(Anatidae)        - … – 1    - 1    - 0    - 0
      • Outbreak statistics: Species    - Apparent morbidity rate    - Apparent mortality rate    - Apparent case fatality rate    - Proportion susceptible animals lost*
        • Whooper Swan:Cygnus cygnus(Anatidae)    - **    - **    - 100.00%    - **
        • Eurasian Blackbird:Turdus merula(Turdidae)    - **    - **    - 100.00%    - **
        • Mute Swan:Cygnus olor(Anatidae)    - **    - **    - **    - **
        • Grey Heron:Ardea cinerea(Ardeidae)    - **    - **    - 100.00%    - **
        • Mallard:Anas platyrhynchos(Anatidae)    - **    - **    - 100.00%    - **
          • *Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
          • **Not calculated because of missing information
  • Epidemiology
    • Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection   
      • Contact with wild species

(...)

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Keywords: OIE; Updates; Avian Influenza; H5N8 ; Wild Birds; Slovakia.

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Highly pathogenic #avian #influenza #H5N8, #Ireland [infected #wildbirds] (#OIE, Jan. 24 ‘17)


Title: Highly pathogenic #avian  #influenza #H5N8, #Ireland [infected #wildbirds].

Subject: Avian Influenza, H5N8 subtype, wild birds epizootics in Ireland.

Source: OIE, full page: (LINK).

Code: [     ]

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Highly pathogenic influenza A viruses (infection with) (non-poultry including wild birds) H5N8, Ireland

Information received on 23/01/2017 from Dr Martin Blake, Chief Veterinary Officer, Department of Agriculture, Food and the Marine, Agriculture House, Dublin, Ireland

  • Summary
    • Report type    Follow-up report No. 1
    • Date of start of the event    28/12/2016
    • Date of confirmation of the event    06/01/2017
    • Report date    23/01/2017
    • Date submitted to OIE    23/01/2017
    • Reason for notification    New strain of a listed disease in the country
    • Causal agent    Highly pathogenic influenza A virus
    • Serotype    H5N8
    • Nature of diagnosis    Laboratory (advanced)
    • This event pertains to    a defined zone within the country
  • Summary of outbreaks   
    • Total outbreaks: 2
      • Total animals affected: Species    - Susceptible    - Cases    - Deaths    - Destroyed    - Slaughtered
        • Eurasian Wigeon:Anas penelope(Anatidae)        - … – 1    - 0    - 1    - 0
        • Whooper Swan:Cygnus cygnus(Anatidae)        - … – 1    - 1    - 0    - 0
      • Outbreak statistics: Species    - Apparent morbidity rate    - Apparent mortality rate    - Apparent case fatality rate    - Proportion susceptible animals lost*
        • Eurasian Wigeon:Anas penelope(Anatidae)    - **    - **    - 0.00%    - **
        • Whooper Swan:Cygnus cygnus(Anatidae)    - **    - **    - 100.00%    - **
          • *Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
          • **Not calculated because of missing information
  • Epidemiology
    • Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection   
      • Unknown or inconclusive

(...)

___

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Keywords: OIE; Updates; Avian Influenza; H5N8 ; Wild Birds; Ireland.

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Highly pathogenic #avian #influenza #H5N8, #Israel [three #poultry #outbreaks] (#OIE, Jan. 24 ‘17)


Title: Highly pathogenic #avian #influenza #H5N8, #Israel [three #poultry #outbreaks].

Subject: Avian Influenza, H5N8 subtype, poultry epizootics in Israel.

Source: OIE, full page: (LINK).

Code: [     ]

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Highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N8, Israel

Information received on 23/01/2017 from Dr Nadav Galon, Director, Veterinary Services and Animal Health, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, BET DAGAN, Israel

  • Summary
    • Report type    Follow-up report No. 4
    • Date of start of the event    09/11/2016
    • Date of confirmation of the event    13/11/2016
    • Report date    23/01/2017
    • Date submitted to OIE    23/01/2017
    • Reason for notification    New strain of a listed disease in the country
    • Causal agent    Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus
    • Serotype    H5N8
    • Nature of diagnosis    Clinical, Laboratory (advanced)
    • This event pertains to    a defined zone within the country
  • Summary of outbreaks   
    • Total outbreaks: 3
      • Total animals affected: Species    - Susceptible    - Cases    - Deaths    - Destroyed    - Slaughtered
        • Birds    - 96000    - **    - 1400    - 94600    - 0
      • Outbreak statistics: Species    - Apparent morbidity rate    - Apparent mortality rate    - Apparent case fatality rate    - Proportion susceptible animals lost*
        • Birds    - **    - 1.46%    - **    - 100.00%
          • *Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
          • **Not calculated because of missing information
  • Epidemiology
    • Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection   
      • Contact with wild species
  • Epidemiological comments   
    • The farms are on the way of migrating birds flying from Europe to Africa.

(...)

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Keywords: OIE; Updates; Avian Influenza; H5N8 ; Poultry; Israel.

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Low pathogenic #avian #influenza #H5N2, #SouthAfrica [a #poultry #outbreak] (#OIE, Jan. 24 ‘17)


Title: Low pathogenic #avian #influenza #H5N2, #SouthAfrica [a #poultry #outbreak].

Subject: Avian Influenza, H5N2 subtype, poultry epizootics in South Africa.

Source: OIE, full page: (LINK).

Code: [     ]

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Low pathogenic avian influenza (poultry) H5N2, South Africa

Information received on 23/01/2017 from Dr Bothle Michael Modisane, Chief Director , Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Animal Production and Health, PRETORIA, South Africa

  • Summary
    • Report type    Follow-up report No. 19
    • Date of start of the event    28/01/2014
    • Date of confirmation of the event    10/06/2014
    • Report date    23/01/2017
    • Date submitted to OIE    23/01/2017
    • Reason for notification    Reoccurrence of a listed disease
    • Date of previous occurrence    02/11/2013
    • Manifestation of disease    Sub-clinical infection
    • Causal agent    Low pathogenic avian influenza virus
    • Serotype    H5N2
    • Nature of diagnosis    Laboratory (advanced)
    • This event pertains to    the whole country
  • Summary of outbreaks   
    • Total outbreaks: 1
      • Total animals affected: Species    - Susceptible    - Cases    - Deaths    - Destroyed    - Slaughtered
        • Birds    - 977    - 31    - 0    - 0    - 0
      • Outbreak statistics: Species    - Apparent morbidity rate    - Apparent mortality rate    - Apparent case fatality rate    - Proportion susceptible animals lost*
        • Birds    - 3.17%    - 0.00%    - 0.00%    - 0.00%
          • *Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
  • Epidemiology
    • Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection   
      • Unknown or inconclusive
  • Epidemiological comments   
    • Geographical coordinates have been adjusted to be less accurate to protect the privacy of owners, in accordance with legislative requirements.
    • Note by the OIE World Animal Health Information and Analysis Department: H5 and H7 avian influenza in its low pathogenic form in poultry is a notifiable disease as per Chapter 10.4. on avian influenza of the Terrestrial Animal Health Code (2016).

(...)

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Keywords: OIE; Updates; Avian Influenza; H5N2 ; Poultry; South Africa.

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#MERS-CoV #Epidemic in #Saudi Arabia, daily #update (@SaudiMOH, Jan. 24 ‘17)

 

Title: MERS-CoV Epidemic in Saudi Arabia, daily update.

Subject: Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus Epidemic in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, daily update.

Source: Saudi Arabia Ministry of Health, full page: (LINK).

Code: [     ]

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MOH: '1 New Confirmed Coronavirus Case Recorded' Today

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1/24/2017

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New Cases: [Sex, Age, Citizenship, Resident in, Health Status, Note]

  1. F, 41, Saudi, Riyadh, stable; *

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{*} Primary case (contact with unspecified animal source).

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New Recoveries: [Sex, Age, Citizenship, Resident in]

  1. M, 50, Saudi, Jeddah;
  2. M, 61, Saudi, Hufuf;
  3. M, 66, Saudi, Najran.

New Deaths:

  • No reports

Cumulative number of confirmed cases and deaths since June 2012:

[Total No. of Cases* – Total No. of Deaths – Patients under treatment]

  • 1544At least 641 - 7

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{*} Figures are subject to changes, showed only for reference.

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Keywords: MERS-CoV; Updates; MERS-CoV.

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